What really becomes clear is that “it is the place that matters” (Eiseley 229), that at the heart of our existence is the simple desire to belong.
What really becomes clear is that “it is the place that matters” and at the heart of our existence is the simple desire to belong (Eiseley 229).
It is best to place the citation as close as possible to the actual quote where a natural break in the sentence occurs. If no natural break occurs, the end of the sentence is fine. Note how the end punctuation is always after the citation because the citation is part of the sentence.
Eiseley asserts that “it is the place that matters”, that at he heart of our existence is the simple desire to belong “to a time and a place because without them man is lost” (229).
If the name of the source is included in the sentence, then there’s no need to include it in the parenthetical. A single citation at the end of a sentence suffices for multiple citations from the same source, same page.
Eiseley asserts that “it is the place that matters”, that we are “all part of an elusive world that existed nowhere and yet everywhere” (229, 235).
Two citations from the same source, different pages can be handled in one parenthetical citation.
Polonius cautions Ophelia not to believe Hamlet’s vows of love because they are “mere implorators of unholy suits, / Breathing like sanctified and pious bawds / The better to beguile” (1.3.138-40).
Citations from Shakespeare do not utilize Roman numerals.
The above citation is from Act One, Scene Three, lines 138-140.
What really becomes clear is that “it is the place that matters” and at the heart of our existence is the simple desire to belong (Eiseley 229). Whether it is a “mouse brain in exile from its home” or a confused pigeon wondering when its “river was about to flow once more” (231, 233), the overwhelming drive is to land in a safe, comfortable place and remain there. Eiseley’s musings are perhaps his attempt to “claim a time and make it forever his own” (Christianson xii), and for that we can not but sympathize with him. Though perhaps not as tortured as the insomniac anthropologist, we must admit that there are times when we confront our own insecurities, when we ourselves feel “out of touch but somehow permanent”(Eiseley 236).
Once a source is established, every subsequent citation is assumed to be from that same source until you direct us otherwise.
Organizational structure – when comparing/constrasting two or more works, there are two basic organizational structures. Both/all works should be mentioned specifically in the opening paragraph and there should be a clear thesis statement (one or two sentences towards the end of the opening) that encompasses all works and all points to be proven.
- One side at a time – Take each individual work and examine it point by point. Each new point should get its own paragraph with a clear topic sentence at or near the beginning of the paragraph. This is usually the easier and more clear way to present an argument.
This argument looks like this:
Ø Text 1 point 1
Ø Text 1 point 2
Ø Text 1 point 3 (and so on)
Ø Text 2 point 1
Ø Text 2 point 2
Ø Text 2 point 3
- Point by point – Take each point you wish to prove and discuss each individual work as it applies to that point, maintaining the same order throughout.
This argument looks like this:
Ø Point 1 Text 1 then Text 2
Ø Point 2 Text 1 then Text 2
Ø Point 3 Text 1 then Text 2 (and so on)
Each bullet does not have to represent a single paragraph. Complex arguments often have points that span more than one paragraph. This diagram just demonstrates the overall movement/structure of the argument.
Works CitedHennessy, Margot C. "Listening to the Secret Mother: Reading J.E. Wideman's Brothers and Keepers."
AmericanWomen's Autobiography: Fea(s)ts of Memory. Ed. Margo Culley. Madison, WI:U. Wisconsin P, 1992. 302-314.
Jones, V.S., M.E. Eakle, and C.W.Foerster. A History of Newspapers. Cambridge, Eng.: Cambridge UP, 1987.
Metheny, N.M., and W. D. Snively. Nurses' Handbook of Fluid Balance. Philadelphia: Lippincott, 1967.
"Money." Compton's Precyclopedia. 1977 ed., X, 80-91.
Mumford, Lewis. The Highway and the City. New York: Harcourt Brace and World, 1963.
- - -. Highways Around the World. New York: Prentice, 1967.
Orchestra. CD-ROM. Burbank: WarnerNew Media. 1992.
Pepin, Ronald E. Literature of Satire in the Twelfth Century. Lewiston: Edwin Mellen P, 1988.
Works Cited page:
§ Only the actual works cited in the body of the paper
§ Alphabetical order
§ Writer. Publication. Where. When.
§ Entire texts no page numbers
§ On line sources no page numbers
§ Articles and on line sources in which page numbers appear, use them
§ Sources with no names attached or of questionable authority, be careful. .edu and .org sources are usually ok. Google searches usually yield multiple unusable sources.